Hackers Exploiting 5-year-old Unpatched Vulnerability in TBK DVR Gadgets

Could 03, 2023Ravie LakshmananSurveillance / Vulnerability

Vulnerability in TBK DVR Devices

Menace actors are actively exploiting an unpatched five-year-old flaw impacting TBK digital video recording (DVR) units, in response to an advisory issued by Fortinet FortiGuard Labs.

The vulnerability in query is CVE-2018-9995 (CVSS rating: 9.8), a crucial authentication bypass difficulty that may very well be exploited by distant actors to realize elevated permissions.

“The 5-year-old vulnerability (CVE-2018-9995) is because of an error when dealing with a maliciously crafted HTTP cookie,” Fortinet said in an outbreak alert on Could 1, 2023. “A distant attacker might be able to exploit this flaw to bypass authentication and acquire administrative privileges ultimately main entry to digicam video feeds.”


The community safety firm stated it noticed over 50,000 makes an attempt to use TBK DVR units utilizing the flaw within the month of April 2023. Regardless of the supply of a proof-of-concept (PoC) exploit, there are not any fixes that tackle the vulnerability.

The flaw impacts TBK DVR4104 and DVR4216 product traces, that are additionally rebranded and bought utilizing the names CeNova, DVR Login, HVR Login, MDVR Login, Evening OWL, Novo, QSee, Pulnix, Securus, and XVR 5 in 1.

Moreover, Fortinet warned of a surge within the exploitation of CVE-2016-20016 (CVSS rating: 9.8), one other crucial vulnerability affecting MVPower CCTV DVR fashions, together with TV-7104HE 1.8.4 115215B9 and TV7108HE.


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The flaw may allow a distant unauthenticated attacker to execute arbitrary working system instructions as root as a result of presence of an internet shell that’s accessible over a /shell URI.

“With tens of 1000’s of TBK DVRs obtainable beneath totally different manufacturers, publicly-available PoC code, and an easy-to-exploit makes this vulnerability a straightforward goal for attackers,” Fortinet famous. “The latest spike in IPS detections exhibits that community digicam units stay a preferred goal for attackers.”

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